African-American Psychologist Mamie Phipps Clark Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Mamie Katherine Phipps was born in 1917 in Hot Springs, Arkansas. She was the maiden of the two children of Harold and Katie F. Phipps. She attended elementary, secondary, and high school in the racially segregated town. After graduating at age sixteen, Phipps attended Howard University, with a major in mathematics and physics. Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â At Howard, Phipps was an academic projectedness awardee and twisted half-time in the psychology department. Around this time, she met her future economise, Kenneth Clark, and through his suggestion, changed her major to psychology. She excelled in psychology and graduated Magna Cum Laude in 1938. Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â In the fall of 1938, she began graduate school at Howard and her amuse in developmental psychology began to escalate. Phipps married Clark and with his help, was able to whistle to ruth and Gene Horowitz doing query studies with chi ldren. This research, which later became her master thesis was called, The organic evolution of the Consciousness of Self in Negro Pre-School tykeren.Â This pave the way for an increase in mental research into the areas of self approve and self-concept. Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â After completing Howards graduate program, she enrolled in capital of south Carolina University to study for her Ph.D. degree. She was the only African-American graduate student at Columbia, but didnt see it as a problem. Clark was eager to look at and felt up that her time at Columbia was a really satisfying experience. Following her graduation, she felt the impact of institution nasty and a woman in refreshing York in the mid-1940s. occupation offerings were few, just she did manage to get a business enterprise analyzing research data, which she later described as being mortifying and distasteful,Â however she preserved and gleaned k at a timeledge from the experience. In 1946 she worked for the Unites States Armed Forces I! nstitute as a research psychologist, and was later offered a job at the Riverdale Home for Children in New York as a psychologist. There, she gave mental test and counseled homeless gloomy girls. This experience provided her with clear perceptions of the insufficiencies of psychological services for blacks and other minority children in New York city and laid the foundation for her lifes work and significant contributions in the line of products of developmental psychology (p.70). Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Clark was a strong believer in basic research, but at the same time felt that applied psychology would eudaemonia the children more. As a result, she and her husband established the Northside amount of money for Child Development in Harlem. It provided pediatricians, psychologist, psychiatrist, and brotherly workers. During this time, the main issues were desegregation and negative self-image.
Activist were trying to take the concept of Black Pride,Â and the predilection that Black is Beautiful.Â Parents motivated their children to exert themselves and pursue previously denied goals that they estimate were unattainable because of their skin color. Mamie Clark do it clear the there were no differences between black and uninfected children, which many whites, and some blacks, believed at the time. Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Clark took on several(prenominal) responsibilities end-to-end her life time in any case the ones mentioned previously. Some of them include being on the Board of Directors for the American Broadcasting Company, Mt. Sinai Medical Center, sum of money D ime nest egg Bank, Museum of Modern Art, Teachers Co! llege of Colombia, Phelps Stokes Fund, New York Mission Society, and was the chairperson of the Museum Collaborative. She also served with several advisory groups like Harlem Youth Opportunities immeasurable (HARYOU) and the National Headstart cooking Committee. Mamie Phipps Clark died on August 11, 1983 and left lavatory her husband Kenneth Clark of 45 years (he was the 79th president of the APA), their daughter Kate, who is now the director of the Northside Center for Child Development, and a son, Hilton who is a NYC councilman. If you regard to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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