Wednesday, December 12, 2018
'Baroque and Rococo Art Periods Essay\r'
'The fancy guile date is classified by compositiony as Early baroque, High Baroque, and Late Baroque purposes. The rococo ruse era is often said to be p fraud of the Late Baroque period. The time shut in of the rococo era and whether it is whizz and the same as the Late Baroque period have been in debate through the years. Although the Baroque Art and the fancy Art periods are sometimes classified as 1 in the same, they are actually quite distinct and unique. The Baroque Art period was amid 1600 and the mid 1700Ã¢â¬â¢s, and originated during the Catholic Reformation in Rome, Italy, and readily stretch throughout about of Europe. During the late 1500Ã¢â¬â¢s, the Protestant reformation st frauded to attack the Catholic Church on doctrine. In response to these attacks, the Catholic Pope stgraphicsed a work within the church to reaffirm and spread Catholic beliefs. During this time, most people were uneducated and uninformed so the church had to devise a route to s pread the gospel message so everyone would understand. It was unconquer adequate to(p) that the message would be spread through guile. Ã¢â¬Å"This art was to be direct, emotionally persuasive, and powerful-designed to fire the pumpual fancy and inspire the viewer to greater piety.\r\nThe church matte that God of greatness and power should be worshiped with the kinds of rituals, ceremonies, and churches fit these divine qualities.Ã¢â¬Â (McKay & McKay, 2010) So began the Baroque movement with itÃ¢â¬â¢s dramatic use of color in characterisations and architecture that was forceful, emotional, and extravagant. The rococo art period emerged in the mid-17th century as a continuation of the Baroque art period. Ã¢â¬Å"By the end of his seventy biennial reign Louis XIV led his country victoriously through numerous wars and France had long replaced Spain as the Continental power. He is known in history as one of greatest French kings nonwithstanding as well as a Ã¢â¬Å"micro managing control freak.Ã¢â¬Â (Zaky. n.d.) The Baroque movement during his reign represented the Catholic faith and the monarchy with art that was Ã¢â¬Å"direct, obvious, and dramatic.Ã¢â¬Â (McKay & McKay, 2010) Louis XIV was succeeded by Louis XV who reigned during the efflorescence of the Ã¢â¬Å"Age of EnlightenmentÃ¢â¬Â era, a time where attitudes and moral philosophy loosened. The enlightenment movement was in opposition to the schematic church, as it promoted thinking for oneself and non following a deity. The art of this time period centered approximately a carefree lifestyle rather than the symbols and rules of the church. It had Ã¢â¬Å"no place for morality, saints or heroes, painting were neither didactical nor devotional.Ã¢â¬Â (Zaky. n.d.) The art was meant to please the eye of the viewer with no real meaning behind it.\r\nThe art too portrayed the everyday life, not just distinguished moments in history. The Baroque art movement was tail and originated from the Catholic church wanting to spread religion. The Rococo art movement came about from the Ã¢â¬Å"EnlightenmentÃ¢â¬Â era where people wanted to think for themselves instead of creation told what to think by the church or monarchy. The Baroque style Ã¢â¬Å"depicted heroism, martyrs, and biblical stories,Ã¢â¬Â but Rococo painters showed themes of love, youth, and playfulness. (Zaky. n.d.) The Baroque artists use dark, stormy colourise, whereas Rococo utilise light, soft pearlescent colors. Baroque art was do to be seen and used as propaganda for the Catholic church, and the artistic production and architecture was large and bold. The Rococo art was littler in scale to be enjoyed by a person or family as a decoration. The spay from the Baroque period to the Rococo period was important in that it shows the transition of the society at that time. The Monarchy and Catholic Church were both under scrutiny for riotous spending and what people viewed as political tyranny. The remove in attitude by the people not only affected the political environment but also the arts.\r\nTired of oppression, they revolted politically by decapitate King Louis XV and by changing the authority they created and viewed art. The painting, Ã¢â¬Å"Descent from the Cross,Ã¢â¬Â by Rembrandt is a classic representative of the Baroque style. His use of dark colors and shadow depicts the death of Christ and creates a dramatic scene. He uses light to reveal ChristÃ¢â¬â¢s body, Mary, and the stuff that he will be buried in. The painting depicts the religious scene so that the viewer evoke understand the substance of the event and contemplate its meaning. In contrast Ã¢â¬Å"The Swing,Ã¢â¬Â by blue jean-Honore Fragonard, is of a woman hesitation carefree in a garden. Fragonard uses pastel colors and illuminates her from the surrounding trees. He places cherubs in the painting some other characteristic of the Rococo style. This painting is interesting in that at firs t glance it seems that this is nothing to a greater extent than an innocent day in the garden. Upon further inspection, one can see the way Fragonard was bold full to mock the Baroque style and time period. The man sits at a place where he is able to see up the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s flurry as she swings above him typify the free spirit and sexuality of the time. The servant is almost completely hidden, symbolizing the church no longer being as important in society.\r\nOne area of art from the Rococo period that is often overlooked is the piece of furniture form of architecture. During this time period a substitution was made from large and grand rooms to small, intimate, and individual(prenominal) spaces. The furniture was redesigned to reflect this change and the desire for comfort. The crisphead lettuceÃÂ¨re chair was designed with Ã¢â¬Å"cushioning in the seat and arms which made it comfortable and unbroken out draftsÃ¢â¬Â. (Azzarito. n.d.) The painting, Ã¢â¬Å"A Reading of M oliereÃ¢â¬Â by Jean FranÃÂ§ois De Troy, depicts this idea of comfort showing women lounging in the crisphead lettuceere chairs. (Troy. 1728) The BergÃÂ¨re was Ã¢â¬Å"a favorite chair of the most fashionable women of the dayÃ¢â¬Â and is still one that is used in homes today making it a move example of a work of Rococo art that has survived through the years. (Azzarito, n.d.) The artists of the Rococo period experimented with color, light, and illusion, and mastered the proficiency of layering paints to make a object look opalescent in color. They created the sense of texture in their paintings, which was not done during the Baroque period. The artists of the Rococo art period mastered new techniques, giving important significance to the time period. Although the Baroque Art and the Rococo Art periods are sometimes classified as one in the same, they are distinct and unique.\r\n'