Sunday, December 16, 2018
'The case of “Janet Cooke and the Washington Post” in the frame of Robinson\r'
'Nowadays, our daily life drive out non be assumed without deviance creation inherent in genteelness, at workplace and a nonher(prenominal) beas. The about common type of deviance bottom be observed at the workplace. Although this field is rather new, various judgmentualizations argon brought forward by contrary scientists.\r\nAt this point the research of Robinson and Greenberg (1998) is worthwhile. These researchers distinguish quintuplet dimensions of deviance: perpetrator, intention, tar lay d decl atomic number 18, legal military action and consequence. In the following paragraph, the occurrence of Ã¢â¬Å"Janet Cooke and the majuscule PostÃ¢â¬Â will be cigarettevass in the s pick out of preceding(prenominal) dimensions.Profound analysis of the occurrence studyAccording to Robinson and Greenberg`s five dimensions, perpetrator might be insider or outsider (Robinson and Greenberg, 1998). In this case, organism multiform in an illegal action Janet Cooke can be described as a perpetrator. So, working as a reporter in the Washington Post, she is an insider (person) and non an presidential term.\r\nDeviant action can be penalise on purpose or unintention bothy (Robinson and Greenberg, 1998). Clearly, Cooke`s intentions were to draw and quarter achievement and genius, while victimisation a misbegot substance to be on the list of long-familiar and recognized journalists. So, Cooke intentionally cheated twain(prenominal) society and organization she was a part of, endeavoring to pursue her mercenary intentions.\r\nIn my point of view, the action of this reporter was not intentionally harmful, targeting any organization or volume. Obviously, while authorship the story about Jimmy, she did not suppose that her action would plant great change to the reputation of the Washington Post. In addition, she did not expect her article to be awarded Ã¢â¬Å"PulitzerÃ¢â¬Â.\r\nRobinson and Greenberg divide targets of deviant actions into th ese categories: inside and outside; individualist and organizational; additional. So, Janet`s action directed toward both(prenominal) inside Ã¢â¬ organization (Washington Post) and outside Ã¢â¬ readers of newspaper. Apart from it, organizational (organization itself) and additional (people reading Janet`s article) targets can be delineate in this case, as both of these categories were misled.\r\n reading given in Janet`s article was dedicate on non-valid and exaggerated story. Consequently, the action of Janet, having an illegal basis, disrupts both organizational and societal norms. Certainly, if organizational norms and behavior are contrasted by actions of an individual, they are apparently focused on personal interests, cosmos a workplace deviance.\r\nAlthough Janet did not expect, her action resulted in negative consequences. First of all, the reputation of the newspaper she worked for was seriously damaged. Apart from it, such potpourri of activity is shameful for the name of news media. The core of journalism is to provide society with valid and credible information, whereas, her action ran counter to it.\r\nConclusion\r\nAfter having analyzed this case, it can be concluded that all the actions having illegal intentions should be avoided, otherwise, consequences can be inevitably harmful for both society and organization, either intentionally or unintentionally.\r\nReferences\r\nRobinson, Sandra L; Greenberg Jerald. Employees Behaving Badly: Dimensions, Determinants and Dilemmas in the Study of Workplace Deviance. Trends in Organizational Behavior, volume 5. Edited by Cooper, C.L, and D.M. Rousseau, 1998.IACA Ã¢â¬ external ANTI-Concepts and Issues in CorruptionSince ancient times legalitys and regulations within countries all everywhere the valet de chambre gift always been different, having their own principles and peculiarities. Clearly, rectitudes induct always been subject to amendment, though, almost of them legitimate in one un sophisticated are only objected at another one.\r\nSo, this situation paves theÃÂ way for people and businesses to avoid honor without breaking it in either their own countries or abroad. In the modern, rapidly exploitation world globalization and neo-liberalism heavily contri exactlye to this care for (Passas, 2005). The provided essay will discuss the concepts of Ã¢â¬Å"l unspeakable, but smuttyÃ¢â¬Â and Ã¢â¬Å"crimes without law violationÃ¢â¬Â in the context of the Azerbaijan Republic, toilsome to find out differences and aspects they are based on. More everyplace, in that location will be given examples to clarify it.The concept of Ã¢â¬Å"l dreadfully, but awfulÃ¢â¬ÂThe concept of Ã¢â¬Å"lawful, but awfulÃ¢â¬Â was originally developed by professor Nikos Passas describing it as activities being legal while having negative consequences or eluding regulations and laws not accepted in this or that country (2005). Prior to giving examples reflecting the concept of Ã¢ â¬Å"lawful, but awfulÃ¢â¬Â in the Republic of Azerbaijan, three categories of it defined by Passas will be given: Firstly, corporations have legal businesses while producing harmful or vulnerable products such as cigarettes, weapons, and alcohol (Passas, 2005).\r\nSecondly, despite producing expedient products for the society corporations release toxic materials, wastes, and etc., causing damage to society, environment and country (Passas, 2005). Finally, the third category describes some industries pursing public purposes mostly aimed at raising gold rather than positively contributing to the society, thus resulting in negative outcomes (Passas, 2005). A few examples will be given to illustrate the concept of Ã¢â¬Å"lawful, but awfulÃ¢â¬Â:Ã¢â¬Å"Shadow nurtureÃ¢â¬Â in AzerbaijanThe Ã¢â¬Å"shadow educationÃ¢â¬Â is the term describing plain education provided by t from each oneers for pointless money beyond the official curriculum (Transparency International, 2013).\r\ nIt is a widespread example of this concept severely counterpane in some parts of the world. Turning to Azerbaijan in that respect are many factual examples of this term. Since the Soviet spousal relationship collapsed many public sectors have deteriorated including the education system. In recent socio-economic classs, people have intensively been pure on education and career making to cope with stiff competition on the labor market. A\r\nAdditionally, the salaries of teachers do not conform to standards and cost of musical accompaniment in our country. Consequently, all the above mentioned circumstances have given teachers the opportunity to take advantage of them, get involved in clannish tutoring to raise extra revenues.\r\nStudying for exams to enter universities and other educational institutions most of current students tend to take extra classes to get scores they target as curriculum taught at school is deliberately lowered by teachers to disembowel more students t o their private tutoring. Although this type of activity is not prohibited by the law provided a teacher make ups taxes to government, yet such type of private tutoring has a negative impact on the level of education within the country.Difficulties of entrepreneurship issuance in AzerbaijanSome years agone potential businessmen used to go through and through complex stages to have their entrepreneurships issued. Initially, they had to be involved in long procedures taking fourty days until they were implemented, thus preventing many of them to set up businesses. Apart from it paved the way for corruption, involving bribery, to accelerate the process of entrepreneurship issuance.\r\nConsequently, all the above indicated factors prevent the development of the private business sector being one of the important contributors in the economy of the country and well-being of the society. Due to the latest reforms this procedure has been lessen to only two days, stimulating the developme nt of private sector.The concept of Ã¢â¬Å"Crimes without law violationÃ¢â¬ÂThe concept of Ã¢â¬Å"crimes without law violationÃ¢â¬Â is based on principles involving elusion of regulations and laws using various frauds and loopholes without infringing national or international lawmaking.Tax machinations in AzerbaijanIn the Republic of Azerbaijan a person involved in entrepreneurship is supposed to generate taxes to the government depending on their overthrow of business. Having a turnover not exceeding 120000 manats per year physical and legal persons are supposed to pay four percent simplified tax. However, if this amount is over 120000 manats, entrepreneurs are supposed to pay 18% shelter added tax (VAT) (taxes.gov.az, 2015).\r\nClearly, this large gap paves the way for tax evasion with many business people approaching up with Ã¢â¬Å"tricksÃ¢â¬Â to evade tax legislation. angiotensin-converting enzyme of the Ã¢â¬Å"tricksÃ¢â¬Â is to establish a few companies having dif ferent names and TINs manduction turnover among them so as not to pay 18% VAT. Consequently, this action is considered to be violation, however, no law is broken, thus reflecting the concept of Ã¢â¬Å"crimes without law violationÃ¢â¬Â barter and purchase machinations in AzerbaijanAccording to plaza and tax legislation of the Republic of Azerbaijan, when selling or purchasing a real estate, an owner is supposed to pay taxes to government. One is supposed to pay four percent providing property price does not exceed 120000. However, the amount over this sum is subject to 18%.\r\nSo, some tricks are also used to evade this tax. Usually, seller and emptor agree to reduce the cost of property in the sale and purchase agreement to the amount being less than 120000. Consequently, in fact, these people are not involved in tax evasion as official documents have valid information with no law violation, though, their machination involves Ã¢â¬Å"tricksÃ¢â¬Â to defraud the government.Concl usionIt can be clearly concluded that, all countries over the world have laws and regulations, though they often differ from each other depending on a country. However, businesses and individuals having different intentions are often aimed at finding loopholes to avoid law violation and punishment, while pursuing their goals. Obviously, it is challenging for countries to varan this activity with no law broken and anybody to bring to justice.\r\nExactly, there are certain reasons contributing to the above-mentioned tendency. Primarily, shadow education arises from law salaries and drawbacks in educational system, making teachers and people turn to private tutoring. As regards the example of tax machination, it is obvious that it is based on some flaws in the tax code, such as a large gap between 4% and 18% tax, inciting people to use Ã¢â¬Å"tricksÃ¢â¬Â to elude high taxes. Consequently, along with public awareness these loopholes should be fill in, otherwise, this tendency is not subject to healthy change.\r\n'