Tuesday, December 25, 2018

'Mahayana Buddhism\r'

' Asiatic Behavior and Thought 10/16/12 Study Guide 7 †Mahayana Buddhism 1. What ar the four sublime states? 1. innumerable lie with is related to friendliness. Buddhisticics cultivate love that is innate and unlimited, based on the experience that alone atomic number 18 one in the ocean of love. 2. Boundless compassion is the thick fellow feeling one should collect for all living beings who suffer by pain, anxiety, ignorance and illusion. 3. Sympathetic joy- moves one to seek issue happiness and prosperity of others and rejoice with them. . calmness †is the gumption of nonattachment to self and to the world that the lohan achives by lineing the path of slip and rooting appear all lust and clinging. 2. What is Early Buddhism’s view of strong well-being? Buddhist vision for troupe is the fundamental precept that all types of slew are equal and that honor depends non on circumstances of birth just on moral and spi ritual exercise?. ( is this the answer) 3. How does the ethical lifespan of order persons contrast with that of monks and nuns?Lay people †in that respect are many scriptures that spell out unimaginative guidance and concrete disciplines for the good life. There are five percepts that leads the good life of compassion, love and fulfillment. 1st percept is the principle of nonviolence †patternion expands not entirely to human beings nevertheless also to animals. second percept is not to steal †concept expands to avoild all forms of cheating, dishonest dealings to derive advantage over the others etc. third percept is chorus line from wrongful internal relation †concept expands to be matrimonial and have sexual intercourse in the right way. th percept is refrain from wrongful speech that would cause others hatred, enmity, & dishmarmony. And fifth percept is refrain from drugs and hard drink because it cigaret cause breaking of other percepts. Monks and nuns †has to follo w high level of detachment from those material, sparing and social attachments that characterize life for lay people. They have 10 percepts. 1. Taking life, 2. not stealing. 3. Sexual misconduct 4. Lying. 4. Drugs and liquor 5. Drugs and liquor 6. Earing after noon 7. Watching shows, singing and dancing 8. Using adornments of perfumes etc. 9.Sleeping in a high bed and 10. discourse gold or silver. 4. Outline an overview of the frequent spread of Buddhism through Asia. Theravada (ways of elders) came to be predominant in South Asia and South eastward Asia (especially in Srilanka). Mahayana (greater vehicle †one arrive at the goal was being broadened to include others, still lay people) Buddhisim spreaded throughout the lands of East Asia ( monks and missionaries brought Buddhism to china than from China it spreaded to Vietnam, Korea and Japan). Vahrayana (diamond vehicle or tantrism) was sure in Tibet and 1 Japanese Buddhist school. 5.How is Mahayana Buddhism distingui shed from Early Buddhism. Mahayana discarded the narrower concept of the arhat as the one arrive at the goal was being broadened to include others charge laypeople. Al can be equally on the path toward achieveing Buddhahood While Theravada(early Buddhism) plainly foc utilise on original teachings of the Buddha. 6. In Mahayana Buddhism what is a bodhisattva? Bodhisattva- being who is intent on becoming fully enlightened in Mahayana Buddhism, one who reaches enlightenment but vows to continvue rebirths in samsara to assist others. 7. How does the conception of Buddha change?The Mahayana radical expanded the conception of who or what the Buddha is. They emphasised that Buddha is really the eternal power of the Dharma and that this Dharma remains of Buddha is universal. Dharma carcass is the only real body of Buddha and it is ultimate reality. 8. What is the relation of heaven to samsara? nirvana is freedom from samsara and therefore, is a permanent, un instruct state. enlighte nment is not in any sense the like God but promised land is a reality experienced deep d give birth as it were a state of unconditioned freedom. 9What are the meaning of emptiness (shunyata) and â€Å"suchness” (tathata)? dresser is actually the common predicate of all dharmas. Emptiness means the absence of own being, where own being means something be through its own power and having an stable essence. So emptiness is really the similar as the truth of dependent co-arising. Mahaynnists arcdegree out that not only are all conditioned dharmas rescind but also the unconditioned reality of nirvana is empty. This leads to the idea that both Nirvana and samsara is empty there is no difference btw them. Suchness is eyesight the world as it really is. Karuna †Buddhist ideal of compassionPure Land †focusing on worship of AMitabha Budhha, with hope of reincarnation pureland paradise. Amitabha †ethereal Buddha who presides over the pure land Buddha nation Cha n †school of meditation Buddhism in China, Korea. venereal infection †important school of meditation Buddhism in japan Lotus Sutra †imp. Early scriptures ofMahayana Buddhism. Vajrajana †Damond Vehicle, Tantrik tradition of Buddhism especially in Tibet and Japan. Mandala †word picture of cosmic Buddhas or a symbolice cosmos, used especially in Vajrayana Buddhist ritual and meditation. Dharma †teachings of budhha ependent co-arising (dependent origination) †central Buddhist teaching that everything is conditioned by something else, that all reality is interdependent. third Bodies (Trikaya) †Dharma body †universal Buddha essence. Bliss consistence †heavenly Buddhas and Transformation body †human manifestations of Buddha. Mahavairocana †great sun Buddha IITuesday, October 23. Tibetan Buddhism. In class video: The Reincarnation of Khensur Rinpoche take: Ch. 6: pp. 103, 106-108. Iyer Pico on the Dalai Lama (on Blackboard). [ 2nd ed. Ch. 6: 95, 98-100] 1. What are some of the special characteristics of Tibetan Buddhism?The religious specialists were the lamas. Tantric Buddhists actively admit with their feelings, emotions and imagination. For example, during meditation they will imagine what it was like to be the Buddha in a certain(p) place or time. 2. Based on Pico Iyer’s presentation, how would you describe the Dalai Lama? 3. What stands out most to you personally in Iyer’s presentation? Why? Lama †uncanny masters often thought to be living gods Dalai Lama †head of the Geluk Tibetain Buddhist school, traditionally recognized as sacred and political leader of Tibetans.\r\n'

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